Bruxism / Teeth clenching
Bruxism is a medical term describing pathological rubbing of the teeth in the mandibular against the teeth in the jaw, occurring most often at night.
The disease leads to loosening of the teeth in the jaw and mandibular, rubbing off dental crowns, cracking the enamel, changes, in the temporomandibular joints, initially inflammatory and then degenerative, leading to restriction of movement in these joints. Bruxism can also lead to chronic headaches.
Dental treatment of bruxism involves the removal of malocclusion and the use of mouthguards as well as plates restricting the movement of the jaw and protecting the teeth. In the next stage defects caused by bruxism are repaired.
The human body consists of different parts which are joined together. A dysfunction of an organ has a direct impact on other systems. Pains in various parts of the head, the neck muscles as well as the shoulder muscles and those near the spine may be just a symptom of bruxism. Many people suffering from headaches in the temporal and frontal part of head believe that they have migraine. In fact, 80% of these problems are caused by bruxism. Migraine is a neurological and vascular disease. During the attack, there is a constriction of cerebral vessels, with the secretion of large amounts of serotonin. Severe pain is one of the symptoms.
When it comes to bruxism, headaches are a result of increased tension of the head and neck muscles. The source of this tension is excessive and often asymmetric congestion within the masticatory system. What causes them? Malocclusion, badly fitting fillings, bridges, dentures, crowns or... chewing gum. These are not all the causes. Doctors believe that clenching the teeth is a psychosomatic disorder, much like stomach ulcers, for example. So the reason for bruxism, apart from the "occlusion" factor, is also a "psychological" factor or simply long-term stress and tension. Only the coexistence of these two factors as well as specific susceptibility of tissue leads to occurence of the full symptoms of the disease.